Enlist E3™ soybeans received Chinese export approval early spring 2019, and interest for this soybean technology is high for the 2020 planting season. At Hoegemeyer, we were fortunate to have a good supply of Enlist E3™ soybeans to put on farm. Most growers who trialed the technology during the 2019 growing season experienced great results and have decided to plant their entire farm to the Enlist™ system this growing season. Here were just a few reasons the Enlist system is proven and in demand:
Genetics - Hoegemeyer had whole field trials out across our Western Corn Belt footprint. Hoegemeyer brand Enlist E3 soybeans were not just competitive with our other soybean platforms, but outperformed most brands in third-party competitive trials. In Nebraska, Hoegemeyer brand 2540 E, 2820 E, and 3030 E topped the F.I.R.S.T. trials.
Weed control - Enlist weed control system has a competitive advantage when it comes to controling problem weeds. With the Enlist system, there are three different modes of action to control problem weeds in season. Enlist E3 soybeans are tolerant to Glyphosate™, Glufosinate, and 2,4-D. So, if you are dealing with glyphosate-resistant palmer amaranth or waterhemp, you still have two other products that can kill those weeds, where other traits on the market are relying on a single mode of action.
Reduced physical drift - Physical drift has been in the headlines the past few growing seasons. With near-zero volatility and reduced potential for physical drift, Enlist™ herbicides featuring 2,4-D choline with Colex-D® technology are designed to land and stay on target. Enlist E3 soybeans are compatible with nearby non-susceptible crops such as corn and soybeans without the Enlist trait. You can apply Enlist herbicides on Enlist E3 soybeans planted right next to these non-susceptible crops without wind directional restrictions.
Good supply - Enlist E3 soybean supply has been excellent going into the 2020 growing season. From a group 1.6 to 5.1, Hoegemeyer has Enlist soybeans available.
I think there are acres for Hoegemeyer Enlist soybeans on every farm. Even if you’re happy with your current herbicide platform, I encourage you to try at least one field of Hoegemeyer Enlist soybeans this growing season. I know will be glad you did during harvest in 2020. If you have any questions on products or the Enlist™ weed control system, feel free to contact your local Hoegemeyer DSM or agronomist.
Soil nutrition is very important for us to grow healthy and productive crops. In our November blog, we recommended growers to have your soil sampling done this fall, so now that you have had that done, let us dive into why we need the nutrients that you tested for.
There are 17 nutrients that are essential for plant health. Yield optimization can only be achieved when there is an ample supply of all 17 nutrients. These 17 nutrients are divided out into 4 categories; macronutrients, secondary nutrients, micronutrients and non-fertilizer elements. Let’s look at why each nutrient is needed.
Nitrogen (N) – is essential for plant growth and is part of every living cell. N is necessary for chlorophyll syntheses which utilizes sunlight as its source of energy, photosynthesis. Through this process the energy produced will help in nutrient uptake and protein content in the plant.
Phosphorus (P) – Since N helps capture the suns energy, P will convert that energy into useful plant compounds. P is essential for the general health and vigor of plants. P promotes root development, early seedling growth, stalk strength and improves flower formation/seed production.
Potassium (K) – K is vital to photosynthesis. K is essential in nearly all processes needed to sustain plant growth and reproduction. K builds cellulose and reduces lodging. Maintains turgor, reduces water loss and will be more tolerant towards high and low temps. K helps fight off diseases and pests such as nematodes.
Magnesium (Mg) – acts as a phosphorus carrier in plants and is required for better root formation and thus for better nutrient and water efficiency in plants. Rule of thumb is it may be desirable to maintain the soil Ca-to-Mg ratio about 10 to 1.
Sulfur (S) – appears in every living cell. S is important for winter crop hardiness. Leguminous plants need S for efficient nitrogen fixation. S is important in the nitrate-reductase process, during which nitrate-nitrogen is converted to amino acids.
Calcium (Ca) – helps form the compounds that make up part of cell walls, which strengthen the plant structure. Ca improves root growth and stimulates microbial activity. Ca enables N-fixing bacteria to form nodules on roots. The very existence of plants and animals depends on Ca.
Boron (B) – improves seed set under stressful conditions. B is a component of all cell walls.
Chlorine (Cl) – regulates stomata release of moisture and minimizes water loss.
Manganese (Mn) – accelerates germination and maturity while increasing the availability of P and Ca.
Iron (Fe) – is a component of many enzymes associated with energy transfer, nitrogen reduction and fixation, and lignin formation.
Nickel (Ni) – is a component of the urease enzyme and is, therefore, necessary for the conversion of urea to ammonia (NH3) in plant tissue, making it important in plant N metabolism.
Copper (Cu) – activates enzymes and catalyzes reactions in several plant-growth processes.
Zinc (Zn) – although it is required in small amounts, high yields are impossible without it. Zn transforms carbohydrates and regulates sugars.
Molybdenum (Mo) – optimizes plant growth. Helps metabolize N.
Hydrogen (H) – necessary for building sugars and other molecules to produce glucose for plant energy.
Carbon (C) – is the primary energy source and building block for plant tissues.
Oxygen (O) – is responsible for cellular respiration in plants.
Make sure you are getting a complete soil test analysis that will give you a value on most of these nutrients.
As you can see, most of these nutrients are needed together in making plants as healthy and productive as possible. When your agronomist talks about a balanced soil, plant nutrition along with plant health; I hope you have a better understanding how to achieve your yield goals.
-Stuart Carlson, Northern Product Agronomist
Sources: Mosaic Company Website Nutrient Knowledge
As we near the end of 2019, we should reflect on the great successes and adversities faced this past year. These moments can be celebrated, like record breaking yields or use of a new technology improving the way we farm. These experiences help build the foundation for years to come. Or finding key learnings from adversity, like the drastic weather events experienced in the western corn belt that forever altered farming communities. All these moments are in the rear-view mirror with great lessons learned, and to help us focus on goal setting for 2020.
For the past several years, my wife and I sit down in January and list out and discuss the goals we have for the next 12 months. We also discuss long term goals, but the focus is on what we need or want to accomplish in the next calendar year. Yes, this takes time and can even be uncomfortable as there is only so much time and resources we have in each given day. Sometimes we don’t agree on goals initially or even have conflicting goals, but we always ensure that we’re aligned at the beginning of the year on what’s important to our family and how we want to invest our time, energy and resources.
Whether it’s your family, work, business or farm operation, the beginning of the year is a great time to step back and reflect on the previous year and identify the priorities for the next year. Over the past several years in setting personal and professional goals there are a few things I’ve learned that have benefited me that I’d like to share with you. Here are some suggestions to keep in mind.
Take time to reflect on the prior year.
Recognize and celebrate the wins. What went well and why? Give credit to those that contributed to your success, that may even include yourself!
What didn’t go well or could have gone better? How do you learn from this and improve next year?
Identify what success looks like for the next year and list out goals that align with your success. Include some stretch goals, but don’t leave out some of the fundamental priorities.
Involve those around you. Whether your spouse, teammates or employee’s; it’s important that everyone is bought in and participates in planning.
Build out plans, timelines and milestones to ensure success. As they say, “A goal without a plan is just a wish.” Create your plan for success.
Set reminders throughout the year, either monthly or quarterly to evaluate and see how you are tracking against your goals. Things change and there may be a need to adjust as you go.
The last piece of advice I have is a reminder to focus on the big rocks. You can do anything you want, but you can’t do everything. Identify what really matters and focus on those, personally or professionally.
Hoegemeyer’s success hinges on that of our dealers and customers. As you sit down to identify your goals for 2020, know that the Hoegemeyer team is doing the same with an emphasis of driving further success of our dealers and customers. Our mutual success is rooted in our four strategic pillars which include:
Regional focused on the Western Corn Belt
Strong team of outstanding people and values
Leveraging a strong agronomy team and resources
Taking advantage of our access to the best genetics and traits in the industry
Here’s a toast to your 2019 success, learning opportunities, overcoming adversity, and most importantly, a fresh start to 2020.
2019 harvest if winding down for some and completed for the fortunate. Once the equipment is put away and you’ve had a chance to catch your breath, what’s next? Everyone’s favorite—Yield Data. Yield data is a vital tool we can use to learn about our acres every year. Managing and working our way through isn’t always easy, especially when we remember all the situations our crop went through this past year. Here are some tips when interpreting your yield data and what we should and shouldn’t do based on the information.
Remember what your crop went through this past season. Every growing season is different, and hybrids respond differently to different growing environments.
This year the products that performed well across your acres might not have performed like they did last year.
Planting delays and marginal planting conditions affected both corn and soybeans final stands. Many fields I scouted throughout the year had 10-25% less stand due to planting conditions this spring. Uneven emergence was common to see in most corn fields too.
Weed control was more difficult this year due to wet conditions in late May and into June. Crop protection applications were delayed and sometimes not able to be made when they were needed.
Early season nitrogen was very difficult to monitor and manage due to saturated fields. Nitrogen deficiency was very prevalent across the western corn belt. Where side-dressing was warranted, field conditions didn’t allow them to happen in a timely fashion.
The crop progression throughout the year was slowed due to the lack of heat units, and sunlight causing harvest to be delayed and fuller season products to not dry down. Waiting to harvest these products added to the harvest loss potential on both corn and soybeans.
Late season nitrogen deficiency was evident, especially where stalk nitrate samples were taken. Too much rain this year caused leaching and denitrification of the Nitrogen and the corn plants couldn’t produce up to their potential.
What decisions can the yield data from this year help me make?
Comparing varieties in the same field is a great way to compare two products.
Comparing products that are in two different fields can be tricky, especially when each field potentially had different conditions throughout the year.
Looking at overall performance of products over multiple fields and growing conditions will help give you a better picture of the performance of the product.
The Midwest has recently experienced a massive blast of cold weather from the north the week of November 11. Fortunately, warmer weather has returned, harvest is finishing up and field work has been getting done in many areas. Getting the discing, strip tilling, and ripping done is a good feeling but when the equipment is back in the shed for the year we need to get one more project completed - soil sampling! There are a few ways to manage soil sampling depending on how much you want to invest and how much time you have before winter sets in and the ground freezes. The two best options would be to do it yourself based on management zones or hire someone to grid sample.
You can either hire someone to collect soil samples or you can do it yourself. If you are well acquainted with a particular piece of dirt, you can save yourself some money and get quality soil samples yourself. All you need is a shovel, bucket, paper lunch bags, and a pen. For example, a grower that has been farming a particular farm for many years and is well aware of areas in the field which are excellent, fair, and poor (sloped, level, rocky, fertile, drained, wet, etc.) These are called management units. This farmer has established 5 management units (3 to 6 recommended) on this field because of previous knowledge of his farm. The farmer takes 15 random soil samples to a depth of 8 inches in one management unit with his shovel, mixes them together in his bucket, then labels and fills one paper bag with that soil sample. This process is duplicated across all management units, and bags are then sent to the nearest laboratory for analysis and fertilizer recommendation.
For more precise soil samples, grid sampling can be done to provide better information on soil variability throughout a field. Many growers are reluctant to spend many hours getting down and dirty in a field to grid sample the entire field with 1-acre samples. Who can blame them as this is a tedious process which requires an elaborate computer program, a handheld GPS unit, and pulling many soil cores which a farmer would rather let an agronomist do. Grid sampling done for optimum accuracy includes 1-acre samples, 2.5-acre samples are acceptable, and 4-acre grid samples are done at more economical prices with reasonable results. When a grid sample is done, 5-8 core samples should be pulled at 6-8 inches per sample. This data can provide a good map for many years; 10 – 20 years for organic matter and CEC; 5 – 10 years for pH; and 5 years for P, K, and Zinc. Include these grid samples into a GPS unit, along with previous years yield data, to create a precise fertilization and planting population program to maximize yield and efficiency on a farm.
The way you get the sample isn’t near as important as getting the sample. Soil samples will let us know what nutrients we are short on including Phosphorus, Zinc, Sulfur, Potassium, and many more depending on where your farm is located. Soil samples will also tell us pH so we know whether or not lime is needed to correct low pH issues. Get your soil sampling done while the weather is nice and spend the cold winter months coming up with a fertilizer plan to maximize profitability next summer with Hoegemeyer products. Contact your local Hoegemeyer DSM or Agronomist with any questions.